The following hate crime statistics were revealed in an Evening Standard article “Met Police failing victims of hate crime” by Justin Devenport and Josh Robbins posted on the 7th April 2016.
The number of people facing police action for hate crimes in London has dropped by 13 per cent in the past five years — despite the number of recorded offences rocketing 72 per cent during the same period.
The data shows that the total number of hate crimes recorded by the Met jumped from 9,455 in 2011 to 16,296 last year.
However, the number of offences that led to police action fell from 3,931 to 3,418. It means that the Met acted in 41 per cent of cases in 2011 — but only 21 per cent in 2015.
All categories of hate crime — including racist, religious, homophobic, transgender and disability-related incidents — saw a fall in prosecutions.
The figures, obtained via a Freedom of Information request, reveal racist or religious hate offences almost doubled over the last five years from 7,989 to 14,111 — or more than 38 offences a day.
However, the number of prosecutions and other police action fell from 3,343 to 3,056 in the same period.
There was also a rise in the number of hate crimes related to disability in the same period, from 131 to 252, along with a fall in the number that led to action — down from 38 to 30.
Note – the Race and Religious figures are combined above. Today these figures are usually separated into two categories Race Hate Crime and Faith Hate Crime.
Incidents of Transphobic hate crime were up 150 per cent, from 59 to 152. But the number of people proceeded against fell from 13 to 11.
Reports of homophobic hate crime were up from 1,276 in 2011 to 1,781 in 2015 but police actions fell from 537 to 321.
What we think at 17-24-30
A rise in ‘reported’ hate crime should be welcomed as it is taken to indicate that more people are confident reporting to the police – although there is no evidence that supports this statement. Victims of hate crime and communities affected by hate crime are not routinely asked if they have confidence reporting hate crime. We need to start asking victims and communities what they think and feel about hate crime.
We know that there is a huge gap between the ‘reported’ hate crime figure and the ‘actual’ hate crime figure – indicated by the estimated hate crime figures produced by the England and Wales Crime Survey. These hate crime figures need to regularly be made available to everyone responsible for tackling hate crime – to the members of ward panels, Safer Neighbourhood Boards, community organisations and anti-hate crime campaigners and practitioners.
Research by a number of organisations continues to show that there are low levels of hate crime reporting. We need to continue encouraging people to report hate crime. However this is not enough – we need to expect the police to maintain or increase the percentage of cases that they are resolving.
One of the reasons given for the fall in cases being resolved is lack of evidence. If that is the case then we need to start managing expectations. We need to start educating people – raising their hate crime awareness, how to report hate crime and what evidence is required to convict those who perpetrate it against us.
We need to acknowledge the impact that funding cuts are having across this area of work. Local authorities are cutting staff and resources – skills and expertise is being lost. The police are facing similar cuts. This impacts directly on the number of cases being thoroughly investigated, reviewed and resolved. So we need to start defending these services where they still exist and campaign to have them reinstated and adequately resourced where they have been deleted.
One final point – every time hate crime is reported in the media – journalists should be taking this opportunity to signpost people to appropriate advice and support services. Community Security Trust CST, Inclusion London, Galop, Metro Charity, Tell Mama, The Monitoring Group, Stop Hate UK amongst other anti-hate crime charities and organisations should be adequately funded and promoted.